China has made tremendous progress in emission control for on-road vehicles (light duty vehicles, buses, and heavy-duty trucks) in recent decades. The vehicle population in China grew nearly sevenfold, from 16 million to 108 million, between 2000 and 2012, and this rapid pace will continue for the foreseeable future.

This report represents an initial attempt to evaluate the economics of development choices in relation to risks from flood events under current conditions and those projected as a consequence of climate change. Rather than focusing on broad projections and scenarios, the report focuses on specific options in specific areas.

The report on Market Opportunities for Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems (DEWATS) in South-East Asia (SEA) is prepared within the frame of the joint project of ESCAP and UN-Habitat on “Strengthening capacity of policymakers in SEA to promote policies and developing plans for improved wastewater treatment and reuse in urban and peri-urba

This document explains how investing in disaster risk management (DRM) can yield real benefits in the short and the long-term. It states that reducing disaster-related ‘background risk’ enables forward-looking planning, long-term capital investments, and entrepreneurship.

Wetland resources of Nyando Wetlands support important economic and ecological activities. However, it is faced with multiple pressures from different anthropogenic Activities within the wetlands and upstream. The Nyando wetlands are facing increasing threats of reclamation for agriculture. This is bound to intensify as population pressure increases. The question therefore is; should Nyando Wetlands be conserved or converted?

The overall aim of the Economics of Sanitation Initiative (ESI) is to promote evidence-based decision making to increase the volume, effectiveness, and sustainability of sanitation expenditure.

The Alliance for Global Water Adaptation (AGWA) and partners have launched a manual for dealing with uncertainty under climate change by applying climate-informed decision-making to water resource management, project design and risk evaluation.

Mexico is planning to revise its existing emissions standards for diesel heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). The existing regulation, Norma Oficial Mexicana 044 (NOM 044), requires new vehicles to meet either U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 2004 or Euro IV standards.

According to this report submitted by Prof S G Dhande chaired report, the Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme for LPG (DBTL) should be immediately recommenced as it is one of the most comprehensive systemic re-engineering of the LPG subsidy disbursement mechanism which ensures that the entitlement on LPG reaches the actual LPG consumer.