Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) can provide effective nature-based solutions to climate change, as it uses both biodiversity and ecosystems as part of a larger adaptation strategy. It not only delivers climate change adaptation benefits, but also contributes to biodiversity conservation and to enhancing local economies.

We undertook an economic valuation of mangrove forests in Balochistan province of Pakistan drawing on primary data from a survey of 80 households depending on mangrove forests. It was found that the direct value of mangroves was USD 1,287 per hectare, while the total value for the village was calculated to be USD 4,419,935.