The Standing Committee on Water Resources (2017-18) present the Twenty Third Report on “Socio-economic impact of commercial exploitation of water by Industries.” The Committee (2016 -17) had taken up the subject “Ground Water Scenario, need for a comprehensive policy and measures to address problems in the Country with particular reference to (i) Aquifers (ii) Dark Blocks; and (iii) Contamination of underground water by certain industries - especially Industries using Ground Water as Raw Material viz., Packaged Drinking Water, Mineral Water Industries, etc.” for examination. As the Report could not be finalized within that period of the Committee, therefore, this subject was again selected by the Committee (2017 -18) although under a different nomenclature, i.e. “Socio economic impact of commercial exploitation of water by industries” for a detailed examination and Report. The Committee took evidence of the representatives of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution – Department of Consumer Affairs and Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare – Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) and Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare on 04 November 2016, 03 January 2017 and 21 May 2018.