The Government of Assam constituted the Rhino Task Force in June 2005, incorporating conservationists from diverse backgrounds, from government as well as non-governmental organizations, to make the dream drafted under IRV 2020 into reality. The first meeting of the Rhino Task Force was held in November 2005 at

Assam has a proud legacy of successfully conserving the great Indian one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis)

Assam, India, is one of the last remaining strongholds of the Indian rhino, an animal that is dependent on conservation because of threats from poaching and destruction of habitat. Field research was carried out in Assam to ascertain the current state of the rhino and to evaluate various threats. This paper highlights the latest status of rhino in Assam after the census of 1999, and the intense fieldwork carried out between January 1998 and September 2000. Poaching and floods are both named as major problems that greatly hamper conservation.