Agricultural technologies, unlike many other technologies, have a major impact on human beings and other life forms. This is because of the huge magnitude of this human activity

A recent FAO study report sums up that the flow of transgenes from plants derived from recombinant DNA techniques has specific or special impacts on biology, ecology, agriculture, society and culture. In the case of India and Bt Cotton, it is an established and known fact that commercial cotton produce of GM and non-GM is mixed up right from the farmer

Though there is a great deal of variability in the expected performance of Bt cotton depending on the environment, the regulation and marketing of the hybrids reflects a uniformity of approach that is inexplicable. Academic studies continue to talk of the importance of studying toxicity and monitoring resistance build-up even as initial resistance management plans at the farm level fail.