Under the World Bank's Sustainable Development Network Integration "Challenge Fund Initiative,' a joint "ESMAP - Carbon Finance Unit' team examined the synergies and possibilities of scaling up implementation of dispersed, demand-side EE efforts using the emerging programmatic CDM (pCDM) concept. This paper focuses on the key recommendations of this analysis, the potential scaling-up opportunities, and underlying operational synergies between EE programs in developing countries and pCDM.