In 2014, CSE and Pollution Monitoring Laboratory, in their report ‘Antibiotic Residues in Chicken Meat’ highlighted the widespread use of antibiotics in intensive chicken farming in the country, revealing abuse of this ‘public-health good’. Subsequently, CSE was asked at several fora, directly or otherwise: What is the connecting link?

This new study establishes that poultry environment is a reservoir of multidrug resistant bacteria and points towards the role of litter in spreading ABR in the environment. Antibiotics are becoming increasingly ineffective.

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) in 2014 highlighted the rampant use of antibiotics in the poultry sector and presence of antibiotic residues in chicken meat. Earlier,