‘Jhum kheti’, commonly known as slashand-burn or shifting cultivation, is the most predominant farming system practised by the hilly communities of North East (NE) India, where the jhumias transform forests into rural landscapes. This farming system still persists and plays an important role in providing subsistence livelihoods to at least 300–500 million people worldwide, which is intricately linked to socio-cultural, ecological and economic aspects of the ethnic hill communities. (Correspondence) .