India is the largest tea-producing country in the world and contributes 33% of the global tea production. Much of this tea comes from the biodiversity hotspots in the northeastern regions and the Western Ghats. Due to market fluctuations, increasing costs of production and lease expiry, many coffee, tea and cardamom plantations have become unviable for active management, resulting in labour unrest. In Thiruvananthapuram division of Kerala alone, 536 ha (55%) of the total 969 ha of the planted area was abandoned.

A three-day survey in the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary has recorded 176 species of butterflies.

Census report to be sent to Kerala Forest Research Institute
KOLLAM: Many animals were sighted at the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary (SWS) during the three-day wildlife census that ended on May 20.

Wildlife Warden of the sanctuary K.I.

This communication elaborates a case study in Kerala, where 61 surveys have been conducted from 1990 to 2008 in 21 protected areas and reserve forests in the southern Western Ghats for monitoring bird fauna using the amateur bird-watcher network. Four different methodologies have been used in these surveys, with encounter-based transects being the most common.

Original Source