Bleaching stress on Indian coral reef regions during mass coral bleaching years using NOAA OISST data
Coral reefs are one of the most ancient, highly productive marine bio-diverse ecosystems on earth. They are threatened to collapse under rapid climate change. ENSO is an extreme climate change event which elevates sea-surface temperature (SST) of tropical oceans. This elevated SST increases the level of thermal stress on coral reefs. Also, coral reefs are the most sensitive among all ecosystems due to temperature change; they exhibit bleaching when SST exceeds normal summer maxima and remains high for more than 28 days.