The small state of Goa, is endowed with a dazzling array of marine biodiversity along its coastline. These species span across the open waters off Goa’s coast, to the reefs of Grande Island, they inhabit coastal mangroves, and can even be found all along Goa’s popular seashores.
Coral reefs are one of the most ancient, highly productive marine bio-diverse ecosystems on earth. They are threatened to collapse under rapid climate change. ENSO is an extreme climate change event which elevates sea-surface temperature (SST) of tropical oceans.
Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Compliance of Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016 (Union Territory of Lakshadweep) dated 14/05/2019 regarding solid waste management and allied issues in Lakshadweep.
The shallow coral reef ecosystems along the Indian coast are being threatened by anthropogenic global ocean warming and increased frequency of coral bleaching in the recent past. Identification and conservation of deeper reef habitats are essential as they serve as a source of larvae and livestock to replenish the shallow reef habitats. Information on the location and spatial extent of the mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) and their biodiversity is poorly known in the continental shelf of the east coast of India.