Hills vs terai

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HILLS: Old, stable settlement
TERAI: Scattered settlement, more scope for farming

HILLS: Population is homogeneous
TERAI: Heterogeneous population, ethnic diversity

HILLS: Indigenous management practices
TERAI: Limited indigenous practices

HILLS: Widespread access to forests
TERAI: Greatly variable access to forests

HILLS: Farming systems dependent on
TERAI: Farming systems less dependent forests on forests

HILLS: Commercial value of forests
TERAI: Many market opportunities for yet to be realised timber products, hence commercially-valuable trees are cultivated

HILLS: Users' groups can be easily
TERAI: Not easy to identify users' groups identified because of a heterogenous social set-up