We studied the co morbidities in hospitalized children with severe acute malnourishment 104 severe acute malnourished children were included, of which 54% had diarrhea, and 27.8% had acute respiratory tract
infections. Tuberculosis was diagnosed in 22% of cases (60.8% cases in children 6-12 mo. Old). Malaria and Measles were diagnosed in 3.8% each, and HIV infection was seen in 2.88% cases. Signs of vitamin
B and vitamin A deficiency were seen in 14.4 % and 5.8% cases, respectively. Malaria and HIV were not found to be major co morbid conditions as reported earlier. Timely identification and treatment of various
co-morbidities is likely to break under-nutrition- disease cycle, and to decrease mortality and improve outcome.