Mill land boon
On April 1, 2005 the Mumbai High Court stayed the sale of textile mill lands in the city. The order was a pleasant surprise to many who have, over the years, seen the state machinery degenerating into a handmaiden of real-estate operators. It was also heartening that the court had acted in response to a petition filed by a civil society association, the Bombay Environmental Action Group.
In the 1950s, Mumbai's (then Bombay) civic amenities were at par with the Shanghais of the world. The city had excellent educational institutions, a competent healthcare system and a model public transport system. Today, most of these are in shambles. Decades of inefficient planning, callous administration and vote- oriented politics has transformed Mumbai into a veritable slum. Once the harbinger of the nation's economic growth, the city today is woefully out of steam.
Ironically, Mumbai's defunct textile mills hold out a ray of hope. They occupy about 280 hectares (ha) in the city's heart. It's a precious resource for a city desperately short of land. But will issues related to the redevelopment of this land go beyond real estate coups?
What are these issues?
Issues related to compensation, pension, employment and housing for the laid off workers remain unresolved. Mill-owners have got away from addressing these issues. But all future proposals to redevelop this land must take care of the housing and employment rights of workers. Let us also not forget that most of these mills were maintained on life support provided by nationalised banks and financial institutions (fis). This certainly gives the public a legitimate say in the course of things to come.
Moreover, around 100 ha of the mill lands is with government undertakings. Much of this is severely underused or under illegal use; a lot is also unused. These corporations should restore the land to the city. We do not need public corporations to broker real-estate deals, but we do need land subsidy for housing and other social infrastructure. The precedent set here would be a benchmark for other defunct public undertakings that corner even larger land holdings.
If left totally to private initiative, the mill compounds will surely be replaced by malls, multiplexes and gated residential enclaves. Can the city afford such luxury? No. We have here a unique opportunity to improve civic services, to retain social diversity with adequate housing projects, to strengthen social infrastructure and to support commercial development.
Architectural heritage The structure of some of these mills is worth conserving. It's easy to raze them to rubble and lose a piece of the city's history forever. But there are umpteen examples from all over the world where defunct industrial enclaves have been converted into complexes that comprise houses, offices and even museums