Policies with a difference
INDIA: A colonial system of forest management left behind by the British
NEPAL: Forest regulation and management is hardly 50 years old.
INDIA: Ninety-five per cent of forests is owned and managed by state forest departments
NEPAL: There is a clear demarcation between various types of forests
INDIA: Forestry is on the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution making it eligible for both state and central legislation. The Joint Forest Management initiative is yet to be adopted by all the states though initiated by the Centre for community participation
NEPAL: There is one legislation for all the 75 districts.
INDIA: Policy focuses on protection and conservation of forest, without community participation
NEPAL: Policy focuses on community management of forest resources