Disasters are not predictable. They follow no standard operating procedures. Disaster preparedness is about managing the unknown, not a science but a social behaviour that’s responsive, predictive and imaginative.
Effective disaster management depends on four factors:
Preparedness: knowing where and when disaster will hit
Mitigation: through measures like coastal zone regulation, building earthquake-resistant buildings, before the event.
Relief: effective action, like moving supplies quickly
Rehabilitation: building lives again.
Orissa, 1999. Bhuj, 2001
The Orissa super-cyclone and the earthquake in Bhuj, Gujarat exposed serious limitations in India’s preparedness system:
India has no national disaster management policy
During a crisis, the state administration is in charge; the c entral government only offers financial and material help
Disasters are nobody’s job. Different ministries