In order to give “inviolate space” to tigers for their undisturbed breeding, the Supreme Court on Tuesday banned all forms of tourism in national tiger reserves with immediate effect, warning states it would take strict action, including imposing fines, if this order was not implemented in letter and spirit.

A bench of Justices Swatanter Kumar and F.M. Ibrahim Kalifulla passed an interim ban order on a note placed on record by amicus curiae Raj Panjwani highlighting how the “inviolate space” of 800-1,200 sq km recommended by the Wildlife Institute of India and National Board of Wildlife for peaceful breeding by a group of 20 tigress and survival of young cubs was disturbed due to tourism in tiger reserves.