African governance report V: natural resource governance and domestic revenue mobilization for structural transformation

African Governance Report V examines efforts to improve the governance of Africa’s abundant natural resources, with particular emphasis on strengthening natural resource governance institutions and frameworks for the enhancement of domestic revenue mobilization and engendering economic diversification and structural transformation on the continent. Case studies from eight African countries (Botswana, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Egypt, Madagascar, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda) buttress the diversity in natural resource governance. Those countries represent different geographical regions with diverse political, economic, social and environmental contexts. Some countries are very dependent on extractive resources while others have relatively diversified sources of revenues. Some states have weak institutional capacities while others exerted improvements in terms of renewed state legitimacy and state capability. And most countries have similar challenges pertaining to the dynamics, policies and approaches for managing natural resource revenues.