Draft 2030 roadmap for carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS) for upstream E&P companies
The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG) has issued Draft 2030 Roadmap for Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) for Upstream E&P Companies. The following has been stated namely: To provide a unified and practical strategy for development and implementation of Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS)/ Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) techniques in the oil and gas sector in India, a task force titled ‘Upstream for CCS/CCUS’ (UFCC) to this effect is working to prepare the ‘2030 Roadmap for CCUS’ that shall provide necessary direction and guidelines for all oil and gas companies to develop and scale-up CCS/CCUS techniques. Fundamental steps of CCUS process are: CO2 Capture from anthropogenic sources, Compression, Transportation, and Utilization and storage. Carbon capture systems are divided into three categories based on the stage at which the carbon capture phase occurs: Post-combustion- separating CO2 from exhaust gases after burning of fossil fuel, Pre-combustion- removing CO2 from fossil fuels before combustion is completed, and Oxy-combustion- the process of burning the fuel with nearly pure oxygen. The emissions from various processes cannot be avoided using feasible production technologies. Multiple approaches will be necessary to cut emissions, including fuel switching, improved energy efficiency, and the deployment of current best available and future innovative technologies. The only feasible option for mitigation in many cases, is to remove CO2 after production, using CCS.