Energy sources of Indian households for cooking and lighting, 2011-12
Two of every three families in villages used firewood for cooking during July, 2011 to June, 2012 period whereas in cities, only 14 per cent families were dependent on it, says a government report. At all India level, firewood and chips were used by more than two-third (67.35) of rural households, followed by LPG, which was used by 15 per cent households, said a National Sample Survey Organisation study based on NSS 68th round of survey carried out during July, 2011 to June, 2012. According to the study titled 'Energy Sources of Indian Households for Cooking and Lighting 2011-12', only 9.6 per cent and 1.1 per cent of the rural households used dung cake and coke and coal, respectively, as primary source of energy for cooking. However, 1.3 per cent rural families did not have any arrangement for cooking. It said that in cities, LPG (cooking gas) was used by 68.4 per cent of the urban households at all-India level, followed by firewood and chips, used by 14 per cent families. About 5.7 per cent families used kerosene whereas 6.9 per cent households did not have any arrangement for cooking. The report is based on information collected during 2011-12 from 1,01,651 households (59,683 rural and 41,968 urban) in 7,469 villages and 5,268 urban blocks spread over the entire country.