Environmental assessment and environmental management framework for Jalanidhi-2

This report deals with environmental assessment and environmental management framework for the World Bank supported Jalanidhi-2 programme of the Kerala Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agency (KRWSA), an important player in rural water supply and sanitation sector of the state. The agency was constituted to implement “Jalanidhi” Project and has successfully developed a viable alternate model for service delivery, based on the principle of cost recovery. The main components of the porgramme include community based water supply schemes, rehabilitation of single GP KWA schemes, sanitation, groundwater recharge, rainwater harvesting and special emphasis on water supply to quality affected habitations. The study identifies the critical environmental concerns in the RWSS sector and puts forth a mechanism to address these issues, through an Environmental Management Framework (EMF). It is based on secondary data collection, field visits and focus group discussions in 14 gram panchayats in nine districts.