Greening regional trade agreements: subsidies related to energy and environmental goods

Many regional trade agreements (RTAs) contain chapters and articles that are environmentally specific. But Parties can elect to more broadly incorporate environmental objectives in their RTAs to promote their environmental concerns in such agreements. This report investigates in what ways RTAs could incorporate environmental objectives in chapters and articles related to subsidies for energy and environmental goods based on existing practice and information. This paper provides an overview of how trade disciplines on subsidies for energy and environmental goods in certain RTAs could address environmental concerns of Parties. While other subsidies including those for agriculture and fisheries could also have environmental implications, they are excluded from the scope of this report due to the complexity of the issue as well as resources required to develop the work.