Participatory 3-D modeling for climate change adaptation in India: experience, guiding principles, future opportunities

Participatory three-dimensional modelling (P3DM) is a participatory geographic information system (PGIS) method that attempts to convey indigenous experience and spatial knowledge in a digital form that is communicable to researchers and policymakers, theoretically empowering indigenous communities with a voice in the legislative planning and management of natural resources. This manual provides guidelines for the implementation of P3DM for Watershed Organisation Trust’s (WOTR) climate change adaptation projects in India. WOTR finds the method effective for: improving local understanding of the complexity of climate change; enhancing the participation of local communities; communicating indigenous spatial knowledge among local villagers and WOTR staff, which pinpoints vulnerabilities and refines development objectives; and for transferring this knowledge to relevant government officials and other development agencies through geographic information technologies.