Scientific synthesis on the impacts of ocean fertilization on marine biodiversity

Ocean fertilization has been highly publicized as a cost effective strategy for mitigating climate change. However, these costs do not effectively account for the observed shortcomings in sequestration efficiency, nor the total economic value of ecosystem function which might be lost due to ocean fertilization, and have been significantly underestimated. This report presents a review and synthesis of existing literature and other scientific information on the potential impacts of direct human-induced ocean fertilization on marine biodiversity.