Study of available business models of biomass gasification power projects in India

In the present study, various biomass gasification power-generation models from across the country are evaluated for their techno-economic viability for promotion and scaling up in other states. The case studies compiled here generally describe the decentralized model of electric power generation using biomass gasification technology, with 'agricultural waste' as feedstock. Globally, there are a few concerns over the use of biomass as a fuel, such as conversion of food crop into fuel, conversion of agricultural land under food crops to fuel crop cultivation and conversion of agricultural waste into fuel (as opposed to being converted into soil nutrients). All of these issues are critical with regard to sustainable agriculture, socio-economic development, and food security.