Mrs. Hume's Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) is a poorly known, but globally threatened bird. It is thinly distributed in the hill tracts of northeastern India, northern and western Myanmar, southwestern China and northern Thailand.

Human population increases and development in Northeast India have reduced and fragmented wildlife habitat, which has resulted in human-wildlife conflicts. Although species such as tigers (Panthera tigris) and rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) cause conflict, elephants (Elephas maximus) have become the focal point for conflict and conservation issues.