The mountain ranges of the Nilgiris, are an important part of the Western Ghats of Southern peninsular India. The Nilgiri ranges are determined to be older than the Himalayan ranges. The Mukurthi peak, along with the Nilgiri, Kolleribetta, and Kudiakadubetta, are situated in the south-western corner of the Nilgiris, in the Kundah range.

The Nilgiris have wealth of diversity, which includes the varied floral and faunal diversity. Besides, tribal diversity is also high in this region. The Nilgiris are of the major hill stations that are home to around ten different primitive tribal communities with distinctive cultures.