Hydropower is an important source of renewable energy. In recent years, both at the national level and in various states, policy impetus has been given for increasing hydropower generation through new projects and by encouraging private sector investment.

This paper explores reforms in environmental and resettlement policies in India and the influence of domestic and external actors on the reform process. It also analyses the ways in which environment and resettlement policies have been implemented in a number of
hydropower projects.

The paper aims to trace out if the role that panchayati raj institutions play towards decentralised management system over large irrigation systems in the state of West Bengal. The study highlights that the devolution of legal power to the panchayat fall short of control over canal irrigation systems of the state. July-Sep 2006