Exchange of animals between zoos and acquisition of animals from the wild necessitates their transportation between various locations.

Two orphaned cubs aged 8-10 months of either sex were monitored over a period of one and half years between October 2008-March 2010 in the fragmented landscape of Ranthambore Tiger Reserve (RTR), India. Both animals dispersed out into fragmented landscapes, however the male cub accidently ventured into human habitation and resulted in conflict.

Indian wild ass, an equid species inhabits the saline-arid region of the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. The species is increasingly threatened by developmental activities leading to habitat loss and
fragmentation. It is currently listed as endangered in the IUCN red list of threatened species and in Schedule I of the Wildlife protection Act of India (1972).

This Studbook is a part of the Central Zoo Authority, New Delhi, assignment to the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, for the compilation and publication of studbooks of selected endangered species of wild animals in Indian zoos. The present studbook compiles and analyses data for the Indian zoos.

Due to the threats and the declining population trends the species has been listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act (1972) of India and is listed as endangered inthe 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The present studbook of snow leopard has been compiled for the India region and the data used is current till June 30th 2009. The data has been provided by four zoos.