Farming is a multifold activity and the prime occupation of the majority of people living in rural India. It is important to develop an ideal agricultural production plan which can provide at least the minimum requirement of a farm family in terms of food, fuel and fibre.

Soil and water are two very scarce important natural resources without which crop production is not possible. Soil degradation due to erosion and the depletion of ground water resources are the two major environmental problems threatening agricultual production and productivity in the riverine belt of Assam.