The Gambia is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from increases in temperature, decreases in rainfall, and a rise in the sea level, which affect millions of people and make adaptation more urgent. Rapid changes in climate tend to have severe effects on a country’s key economic sectors such as agriculture, tourism, and health.

Ghana is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its location along the Atlantic Ocean in a tropical climate zone. This increasingly exposes the country to the risks of climate change including rising sea levels, drought, higher temperatures and erratic rainfall, which negatively impact the socio-economic development of the country.

Risk factors that could affect the economic outlook are present and relatively prevalent, despite signs that the COVID-19 health crisis could ease significantly. Continuation of the war in Ukraine and prolonged restrictions on exports from Russia could put further upward pressure on food and energy prices.

Chapter 1 of this report looks at these conditions in some length. The analysis covers all the 15 member countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS): Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.

The economic outlook for Southern Africa will be affected by an additional threat that arises from global warming. The 13 countries are intertwined in a climate-water-energy-food nexus with a high reliance on climate-sensitive sectors.

In 2021, North Africa showed strong signs of recovery from a downturn in 2020 due to the global pandemic and concomitant oil price collapse.

This report is the result of a collaboration between the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group and the UNESCO Chair on Urban Resilience at the University of Southern Denmark (SDU.Resilience).

The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will adopt, at its 15th meeting (COP-15), a framework that will guide the work on biodiversity at the global level for the period between now and 2030, towards the 2050 biodiversity vision of a world where biodiversity is valued, conserved, sustainably used and,

The African Development Bank’s East Africa Regional Economic Outlook 2022 reviews the economic performance of 13 East African countries over the past year with short- to medium-term projections. The countries are Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

The aim of this research is to assist the African Natural Resources Management and Investment Centre (ANRC), an entity of the African Development Bank (AfDB), to meet its commitment to advise regional member countries (RMCs) on important aspects of natural resource management and to ensure nature fully supports Africa’s future economic developme