The Physics prize goes to two achievements that have helped lay the foundations for the IT revolution and modern networked societies.

The Chemistry prize goes to three scientists, one of them of Indian origin, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, for ribosome research.

The Nobel economics prize was awarded on Monday to Paul Krugman, one of the great popularisers of economic ideas and a trenchant critic of the Bush administration. However, the prize was awarded for work done almost three decades ago in developing what is known as

STOCKHOLM: Paul Krugman, the Princeton University scholar and New York Times columnist, won the Nobel prize in economics on Monday for his analysis of how economies of scale can affect trade patterns and the location of economic activity.

Two Americans and a Japanese have won the Nobel chemistry prize for discovering the glowing proteins that have become an essential tool in biomedical research.

Osamu Shimomura, a Japanese citizen who has worked in the US for almost 50 years, originally extracted