The mainstream paradigm of understanding grass-root environmentalism in India as “environmentalism of the poor” might be challenged by an alternative prototype forest movement in the Bengal Dooars prior to the Chipko movement. It was fought against the exploitative design of ecosystem governance under the taungya method of artificial regeneration as invented by colonial foresters during the British rule. The movement is historic and mostly relevant in its radical gesture against ecological exploitation through inclusive technique of community involvement in the top-down management of forest resources.