This report explores existing institutional linkages between gender, water and climate change in Uganda. Climate change is affecting water quantity and quality in Uganda and is an emerging major threat to health and well-being in the country. In addition to climate change impacts, a rapid population growth rate is anticipated to sharply increase demands for water and create challenges for the country in achieving its development goals. At the same time women who are the main users of water for household and small-scale agriculture, have limited access to resources - land, credit, education, control over household income - needed to effectively adapt to climate change impacts and are affected the most when water catchments are degraded.