This paper presents a sector-specific methodology for assessing the role of the AFOLU sector within the NDCs. It identifies five core pillars of NDCs and sub-components specific to the AFOLU sector based on a global stocktaking of NDCs and alignment with the Enhanced Transparency Framework of the Paris Agreement. It can serve as a framework for assessing the extent to which the AFOLU sector is represented in NDC priorities, planning processes and support needs, as well as serve as a comparative benchmark for highlighting gaps and entry-points for ambition raising in future NDC revisions.