Examining the efficiency of biodiversity finance action plan across the Indian megacities

Human well-being is quite intrinsically linked to ecosystem services and biodiversity. There is a growing amount of literature attempting to understand the mechanisms of these interlinkages. Though there is considerable progress globally with respect to human well-being, challenges still remain in terms of access to resources. On the biodiversity front, anthropogenic interference continues to threaten species. Reviewing the Aichi Biodiversity Targets which were to be achieved in 2020 worldwide reveals that none could be attained fully. In India, city- level efforts in biodiversity conservation and integration with human well-being appear lacking. With the pressures of population growth and urbanisation, urban planners often leave less scope for open or green spaces in the city. The traditional trade-off between environment and economic development continues to play out in cities. This study reviews the biodiversity status of five highly populated Indian megacities – Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai – using City Biodiversity Index framework.