Opportunities and risks for continued biofuel expansion in Brazil

Brazil’s advanced biofuel industry lags far behind the production capacity of its first-generation biofuel industry. Brazil’s reliance on crop-derived biofuel feedstocks, in conjunction with its vulnerable forests and savannah, presents unique risks to the climate if biofuel industry expansion continues without implementing adequate sustainability measures. This briefing provides an overview of the potential negative impacts of Brazil’s biofuel policies on the environment and vehicle fleet.