Understanding support needed for climate mitigation and adaptation in developing countries from the national reporting under the UNFCCC

Many developing countries consider that international support is vital for achieving their climate targets and accelerating actions, pledged in the so-called Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), under the Paris Agreement. Thus, understanding what kind of international support they need is crucial for ensuring the provision of adequate support. This paper presents the state of international support needed, as reported by 93 developing countries in their National Communications (NCs) and Biennial Update Reports (BURs). It also assesses the specificity and comprehensiveness of reported needs, and identifies characteristics of reporting among the country groups with different anticipated needs.