As the practice of Community Based Adaptation (CBA) to climate change in countries like Nepal is growing, the literature has pointed out the need for more research in order to test the effectiveness of CBA in reaching the most vulnerable households and its wider applicability. This paper reviews a Community Adaptation Plan (CAP) piloted and implemented in Nepal. The study involved interviews and interaction with a wide range of relevant stakeholders, in order to map their perceptions on the effectiveness of CAP.

The integration of climate change adaptation and adaptive capacity issues within development processes is now a central issue for development policy and practice. Climate Change adaptation is a dynamic field of activity, with lessons emerging all the time. Community based adaptation plan is prepared at local level by involving multi-stakeholder team including the vulnerable communities.

Whist being a global issue, climate change is a major environmental and social challenge for Nepal. Throughout the country the effects are already being felt. Rural communities are seeing changes in rainfall patterns. The monsoon tends to begin later, the rainfall is more irregular and flash floods are more frequent. The winter rains are reduced and some years fail altogether.