In foothills of Shiwaliks due to presence of torrents, soil erosion is very serious problem. The flow acquires accelerated velocity at it travels down the slope and consequently becomes highly erosive in nature. Study aea of Baroi Khad (rainy season torrents) lies at Akhnoor Tehsil of Jammu district in Jammu and Kashmir state.

Computer based programming models are useful analysis tools to understand the watershed planning cum management problem and to find solutions through the best management practices (BMPs) and bio-engineering measures.

Soil and vegetation study in relation to parent material was conducted in the Mussoorie Forest Division, Uttarakhand.