The Parliamentary Standing Committee on human resource development(HRD) in their 31st Report on the functioning of the central government hospitals under the department of health, had expressed concern about inadequate facilities for the treatment of poor patients for major illnesses.

Public-private partnership to make healthcare is an initiative to reach out to the unreached, accessible, accountable and affordable for vulnerable sections of society

On 12th April 2005, the then PM launched NRHM to provide accessible, affordable and quality care to the rural population, especially the vulnerable sections.