Crop residue burning is one among the many sources of air pollution. It is essential to mitigate impacts due to the burning of agricultural waste in the open fields and its consequent effects on soil, ambient air and living organisms.

Wheat is an important cereal crop in world trade grown on approximately 220 million ha area in the world. In the South Asian region, rice-wheat cropping system occupies 24 million hectares of area and India has 10 million hectares. The western states of India are, in general, characterised by low productivity, low investment and low crop income for a long time.