As the industrial sector has the largest sectoral share of final energy consumption in India this paper focuses on the assessment of energy savings potential in seven highly energy consuming industries. The paper estimates the energy savings potential for each of these industries using unit level Annual Survey of Industries data for 2007-08.

This paper analyses the past pattern of economic growth of India, energy use and carbon emission and examines to what extent India has been able to restrain the growth of her carbon emission and what factors have been responsible to what extent for such changes in CO2 emission.