While we really have no shortage of women learning science and excelling therein as well as in teaching science, their involvement in ‘doing’ science, in leading and directing scientific investigations is not commensurate with those who train in science. While the small fraction of women in the scientific work force is a reality the world over, the situation in India differs from the West in some respects. In India, the matter of real concern is the precipitous loss in ‘trained scientific women power’ at the postdoctoral level. (Editorial)