More than a billion people spread across 54 countries inhabit Africa, the world's second largest continent. People from Kenya to Ghana, from Sudan to Zambia, from Uganda to Lesotho are under threat from dam building.

African countries are making some important strides toward a green energy sector. According to the Global Renewables Status 2009, Northern Africa boasts more than 500 MW of installed wind power, while Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania are all planning their first wind farms.

Since 2006, South Africa