Although pottery is an age old craft and a rural tradition in India, it continues without any modern technical interventions in tiny segments with outdated and inefficient technologies. This sector has not succeeded in responding to the newer demands of the market as well. Innovative technological inputs are required in improving the throwing wheel involving the technology of modern clay pottery with reduced energy and time consumption and increased speed of operations.

In India, primarily cattle dung is being used as an organic substrate for the production of biogas, however, majority of biogas digesters are underfed. Thus making it essential to evaluate other available organic sources for biomethanation. Various other animal wastes like poultry droppings, sheep droppings, rabbit droppings etc have been evaluated for biomethanation. Beside this, plant and crop residues have also been subjected to the process of anaerobic digestion under different conditions.

There is an acute shortage of power for decentralized communities of the rural sector in India even after installing power generation capacity of about 110,000 MW. In order to meet rural energy needs, the decentralized power generation is an alternative measure and can be produced through renewable energy sources. There is tremendous potential of utilizing biomass in India, but direct use of biomass leads to inefficiency. Therefore in order to effectively utilize biomass, it is converted into biofuels such as biodiesels, ethanol, biogas and producer gas etc.

Present aims to discuss innovative features and systems approach adopted in implementing time bound and technology based developmental projects under the Science and Society Programme of Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi which have resulted in some technology models/packages for rural application and poverty reduction showing potential for replication in other areas.

Due to continuous removal of topsoil, which is appropriate for agricultural purposes, is being used in production of conventional fired clay bricks, which results in depletion of natural resources for agriculture. Due to rapid industrialization, enormous quantities of wastes are generated by industries. In the present research work, efforts were made by Regional Research Laboratory (RRL), Bhopal to develop stabilized copper mine tailings bricks for 35, 50, 75 and 100 kg compressive strength, using copper mine tailings waste in combination with sand and cement.

Although, the rate of literacy is higher in Bhopal as compared to other cities of the state, the women folk are still ignorant of recent technological developments and the aquaculture technology is no exception. In view of this perspective, the Department of Applied Aquaculture, Barkatullah University, Bhopal implemented a training programme, sponsored by the Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, to create awareness of recent aquaculture technologies among them. The project executed for a period of three years (2002-2005) under which six villages of Phanda block, Bhopal were identified.