For the EU, the Copenhagen climate summit has been seen as a wake-up call. Sidelined in the final hours, the EU was left to publically accept a deal which fell well short of its stated demands. This paper discusses what the EU could do to get off the sideline and regain some of the initiative on climate change.

This paper explores possible future trends of GHG emissions of Russia which are helpful for formulating a future mitigation commitment of the country. For this, the paper provides a rough forecast of national CO2 emissions associated with fuel combustion in 2010 - 2020.