In the context of Alien Invasive Species (AIS) assuming worldwide importance as being the second most important irreversible impact on landscapes next to habitat destruction, the paper assesses their threat to the forests of Kerala.

This EIA is for the new rail line from Angamali to Azhutha (though the line terminates at Kanamala, on the banks of the Azhutha river, the station here is called the Azhutha station) via Erumeli.