Sikkim has been adjudged the cleanest state in the country with all its four districts ranked among top 10 districts in terms of sanitation and cleanliness.

Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin - SBM (G) endeavours to accelerate rural sanitation coverage, reduce open defecation and improve management of solid and liquid wastes. It focuses on ensuring usage of toilets along with their construction.

This report by WSSCC and FANSA gives voice to the sanitation and hygiene needs and aspirations of marginalised groups in India. It is the culmination of 18 consultations held between October and December 2015 with women and adolescents, the elderly and disabled, sanitation workers and transgender persons.

Proper awareness, collective behavior change, coupled with availability of sustainable technologies for construction and usage of toilets are important aspects of SBM. There are a wide range of hydro-geological conditions in different states of India. It is challenging to make one technology applicable in all areas.

Solid and liquid waste management are becoming issues of great concern in rural India. The changes in consumption patterns including that of people living in rural areas have an impact on the quantity and kind of wastes generated.

Management of solid or liquid wastes in rural areas is much easier than in urban areas due to the fact that there are no highly contaminated industrial wastes. In rural areas, most of the wastes can be safely reused for beneficial purposes with limited resources.

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has been providing financial and technical assistance to the State Governments in realizing the objectives of safe portal drinking water and open defecation free rural India.

The main objectives of the SBM(G) are: Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation; Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2nd October 2019; Motivate Communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions to

In the context of the declaration of the plan to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has prepared a note on the Swachh Bharat Mission. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: The present goal under NBA is to achieve 100% access to sanitation for all rural households by 2022.

This policy framework is intended as a guide to assist states in developing their own policies for solid and liquid waste management in rural areas. As such, it does not prescribe what should be in the State’s policy.

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