Mangrove forests are extraordinarily diverse coastal communities anchored by salt-tolerant plants along certain tropical seacoasts. Their distinctive aerial roots help to trap sediment, prevent shoreline erosion, and provide habitat for a variety of sea life. Their unique mode of viviparous reproduction (producing seeds that germinate before becoming detached from the parent plant) allows for the rapid dissemination of viable young plants. Mangrove swamps or forests are among the most productive wetlands on the planet.

This study is concerned with the Dhamra port site in Bhadrak district, near the mouth of the Dhamra river, and surrounding areas. The proposed port site is a unique habitat in that it has long stretches of inter-tidal mudflats from the site up till the river mouth. The inter-tidal zone is in some places as wide as two kilometers, and serves as an important breeding ground for

In July 2006, Aban Marker Kabraji, IUCN Regional Director for Asia met Mr. Ratan Tata, Chairman of the TATA Sons in Mumbai to discuss various aspects of environment and corporate social responsibility for TATA

Mangroves, although have unique ecological characteristics and multifarious uses are in a very much degraded state. In Orissa, except Bhitarkanika, the small patches of mangroves which are available along the coastal track are considered as the relics of a glorious past when thousands hectare of land was covered with mangroves.